From the WFP 6/11/2011: By Mary Agnes Welch
It was 2004 when then-Justice Minister Gord Mackintosh first said a mental health court was in the works.
“We’re of the view that if we’re going to have a successful mental health court we have to develop this slowly and sure-footedly,” he told the Free Press at the time.
“Slowly” turned into seven years. Last week, the province announced the court would finally launch this winter.
Selinger said it took time to do proper due diligence and planning on things like the mental health court to get them to a workable point.
“We put it in the throne speech last fall and we did it this spring,” said Selinger of the mental health court. “That’s a pretty fast turnaround.”
But, according to a judicial memo circulated today, we can all mark May 10, 2012 on our calendars as the day the shiny new MHC will sit for the first time.
Re: MENTAL HEALTH COURT
Effective Thursday May 10, 2012, Mental Health Court (MHC) will sit weekly on Thursdays at 1 p.m. in courtroom 408, 408 York Avenue, Winnipeg Manitoba.
This problem-solving court will hear matters where the accused’s involvement with the criminal justice system is a result of mental health issues and there the particulars of the incident(s) fall within the sets of criteria established by the Crown and the Winnipeg Regional Health Authority’s Forensic Assertive Community Treatment (FACT) team.
Persons with mental health issues who have been or are about to be charged with an offence may be identified to the Crown by police, courts or corrections staff or counsel.
In these cases, the Crown will review the file and may refer the accused to the FACT team for a suitability and amenability assessment. Counsel may assist the accused in filing an application for and amenability assessment. Counsel may assist the accused in filing an application form and the required waiver form. Provided the accused is a suitable candidate for MHC and willing to participate, the FACT team will prepare a report to the MHC judge which will include a treatment plan. This process constitutes application to Mental Health Court.
Until an accused applies for MHC, the charges will be remanded on the pre-trial coordinator’s dockets. Upon application, the accused with appear for the first time on the MHC docket as arranged by counsel with court staff. The accused will enter guilty pleas, file application and waiver forms and enter into a bail as agreed upon by all parties. The charges will then be remanded week to week while the accused’s mental health is addressed during the treatment plan.
Each Thursday at 12 p.m. the MHC judge will meet with the FACT team and counsel in Judges’ chambers to discuss the treatment progress of each person on the docket. During the court sitting as the Crown calls each matter the MHC judge will address the named accused directly to encourage ongoing commitment.
As each accused’s mental health improves, appearances may become less frequent. Upon the treatment plan being completed, the accused will make a final appearance before the MHC judge either to be sentenced to a community based disposition or for the Crown to stay the charges.
The entire process is expected to take 18-24 months from referral to disposition.
ISSUED By Chief Judge Ken Champagne, Provincial Court of Manitoba
Over the past few months I had heard rumblings this would be happening, but like many, I’m sure, had no idea when.
The only other thing I had heard is that the Crown prosecutor who will be running the show is Susan Helenchilde, who is leaving community prosecutions to take this on.
The first Mental Health Court started in 1998 in Toronto, putting us well behind the curve in terms of time — that’s also allowed (hopefully) Manitoba to gain from the knowledge MHC’s in other jurisdictions have only gleaned through trial (pun intended) and error.
It’s interesting to note that in Toronto’s system, there’s a wide range of offences that aren’t eligible for MHC (below).
We’ll obviously learn in coming days what’s permissible for MHC in Manitoba.
I’d also highly recommend reading the “factors to consider” section of the Toronto MHA website. It’s also clear that Manitoba’s taking a bit of a ‘baby-step’ approach by electing (as per the memo above) to not stay charges until the treatment plan is completed.
Geeks can read stats analysis and other research topics on MHC’s here at Stats Can. (Like the court, your tax dollars paid for it, may as well read it.)
3. Eligibility of Offences
- a. Offences that are not eligible (also known as Class III for purposes of other practice memoranda)
The following classes of offences will not be eligible for treatment plans or supervisory programs as an alternative to prosecution, regardless of the circumstances of the alleged offence or the accused:
- murder, manslaughter, infanticide, criminal negligence causing death;
- causing death or bodily harm by dangerous or impaired driving;
- any offence causing serious bodily harm;
- simple impaired driving or driving with a prohibited blood alcohol concentration;
- offences involving firearms;
- criminal organization offences;
- spouse/partner offences
- child abuse;
- offences involving child pornography
- sexual offences including sexual assault, interference and exploitation, invitation to sexual touching and incest;
- specific hate offences
- home invasions;